The Romanian Academy Cluj Branch. “George Bariţiu” Institute of History. Department of Social and Humanistic Research
The Romanian Institute for Human Rights Bucharest, Romania
Institute of Administrative Science Republic of Moldova Chisinau, Moldova
The Romanian Association of Penal Sciences Bucharest, Romania
The Intellectual Property Rights Scientific Association Bucharest, Romania
The Romanian Society of Authors and Publishers of Scientific Works PERGAM Bucharest, Romania
“Dimitrie Cantemir” Christian University. Faculty of Law Cluj-Napoca
2, Burebista Street, 400237 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Tel. / fax: +40 264 432265, e-mail:,
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EFFICIENCY OF LEGAL NORMS. 2nd Edition. From Theory to Practice
April 25th – 27th 2013, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

          There are phenomena in society which cannot be considered as exclusively belonging to civilization or to culture. This is the very case of legal norms issued or sanctioned by the state, representing elements belonging both to culture and civilization.
          Issuing and enforcing legal norms is a complex process with economic, social and political determinations reflected in the activity of governing political parties. The law has lost its character of a supreme normative act as it interferes both with other national legal acts, as the government ordinances or methodological norms, and international conventions, treaties and legal acts of the European Union with direct effect. In some fields a “normative orgy” and a “normative confusion” may be identified.
          There are no general solutions for bringing the legal norm back to a clear rule easy to apply and enforce. The first edition of the conference “The Efficiency of Legal Norms” was an invitation to work on possible solutions that may be applied for different legal systems or fields of law. The Conference works, published by Hamangiu Publishing House, showed a clear interest of many researchers in this subject at an international level and encouraged us to continue with the 2nd edition on the same subject, now focused on means of setting theory into practice.